Biosolve Plantation
Use of Jatropha Oil
The oil yielding plant Jatropha curcas L. is a multipurpose and drought resistant large shrub, which is widely cultivated in the tropics as a live fence. The Jatropha plant can reach a height up to 5 m and its seed yield ranges from 7.5 to 12 tons per hectare per year, after five years of growth. The oil yield obtained from a whole seed is 30-35 % by weight basis. The Jatropha oil can be used as a fuel in diesel engines as a substitute to commercial diesel.

Biodiesel is produced from Jatropha oils by converting the triglycerides into methyl esters with a process known as transesterification. The Jatropha oil is blended with alcohol and catalyst mixture, which is kept at reaction temperature for specific duration under agitation and sent to the settling tank. The ester is collected and washed to get pure biodiesel.

Bio-diesel is fatty acid ethyl or methyl ester made from virgin or used vegetable oils (both edible & non-edible) and animal fats. The main commodity sources for bio-diesel in India can be non-edible oils obtained from plant species such as Jatropha Curcas (Ratanjyot), Pongamia Pinnata (Karanj), Calophyllum inophyllum (Nagchampa), Hevca brasiliensis (Rubber) etc..
Jatropha curcus is a drought-resistant perennial, growing well in marginal/poor soil. It is easy to establish, grows relatively quickly and lives, producing seeds for 50 years..